Liu C.X., Tse, S. K. , Ng, F.P. (2007). A Pilot Study on Contents and Influencing Factors to Perceived Curriculum——A Case Study on the Chinese Language Curriculum in Primary School in Mainland China. Journal of Educational Studies, 3(5), 28-38.

課程, 教材

Title

A Pilot Study on Contents and Influencing Factors to Perceived Curriculum——A Case Study on the Chinese Language Curriculum in Primary School in Mainland China
感知課程的內容與影響因素的初步研究–以小學語文課程為例

Journal

Journal of Educational Studies
教育學報

Year

2007

Vol

Vol. 3
No. 5
pp28-38

Author

Cai-xiang LIU, Shek Kam TSE, Fung Ping NG

Abstract

There are different descriptions of notions of the curriculum reform. The realization of the notions has undergone a long way from ideal curriculum, formal curriculum, perceived curriculum, and operational curriculum to experienced curriculum. Under the curriculum revolution in Mainland China, the status of Chinese language curriculum in primary school is complicated because the textbooks should be examined and approved by Ministry of Education. Through the analysis on policy files, writing teaching materials and the operating records of the trainers on how to use textbooks we find that there are three kinds of perceived curriculum in Chinese language curriculum in primary schools for different stages. The first kind is the writing of experimental Chinese language textbooks. The second kind is the training of the experimental teaching materials. The last one is the teachers’ own understanding of the textbooks. The contents of different perceived curriculum are directed by different people who perceive it, their original curricular experiences, their attitudes toward curriculum revolution, and the teaching environment they are in.

課程改革理念存在不同的呈現方式,課程理念得以實現,經歷了理想課程、正式課程、感知課程、運作課程和體驗課程的傳遞和闡釋。在大陸課程改革的背景下,由於實行教材審定制,小學語文感知課程的表現形式就更為複雜。通過對政策檔、教材編寫資料、教材培訓者的工作記錄等文本資料的分析,發現小學語文感知課程表現形式有三種:感知課程一,通過編寫實驗教材體現的小學語文課程;感知課程二,實驗教材的培訓過程中傳達的小學語文課程;感知課程三,教師個人認識和理解的小學語文課程。不同的課程感知者的身份、已有的課程經驗、對課程改革的態度以及所處的外部環境等等的差異,直接影響感知課程形式所包含的內容。