Tse S.K. and Xiao X. (2014). Differential influences of affective factors and contextual factors on high-proficiency readers and low-proficiency readers: A multilevel analysis of PIRLS data from Hong Kong, Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2014, 2:6. doi:10.1186/s40536-014-0006-3.

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Title

Differential influences of affective factors and contextual factors on high-proficiency readers and low-proficiency readers: A multilevel analysis of PIRLS data from Hong Kong

Journal

Large-scale Assessments in Education

Year

2014

Vol

Vol. 2

Author

Shek Kam TSE, Xiao-yun XIAO

Abstract

Background
This study examined the impact of the reading-related affective factors home environment and school environment on predicting the likelihood of students being either high-proficiency or low-proficiency readers. Data from 3,875 Hong Kong SAR Grade 4 students participating in an international comparative assessment were analyzed.

Methods
Multilevel regression analysis was used to model the relationship between affective factors (i.e., reading attitude, reading motivation, and reading self-concept) peer bullying, family context (i.e., home socioeconomic status/SES), and school context (i.e., school SES, school bullying, and school safety and order).

Results
The likelihood of being a reader with high proficiency was found to be associated with reading attitude, reading motivation, reading self-concept, peer bullying, school bullying, and school SES, whereas the likelihood of being a reader with low proficiency was associated with reading self-concept and peer bullying only.

Conclusions
These findings suggest that reading-related affective characteristics and school context may be more likely to promote rather than limit reading success.

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